These Baptist preachers were also Cherokee medicine men.

Jackson Standingdeer (or Jackson Blood) was a medicine man from the community of Gwagwohi near Barber, Oklahoma. He was born June 1, 1870 and arrived in the Cherokee Nation from North Carolina on June 8, 1881. On July 9, 1921 he was ordained a minister of the gospel at the Sycamore Tree Baptist Church in Barber, Oklahoma. There he mentored another medicine man, a deacon in the church named Ed Handle. Ed was born near Jay, Oklahoma, Oct 17, 1893. Ed was still a practicing conjuror when he went into military service during World War I as a Private in Company I, 358th Infantry. He was wounded in the abdomen in France and limped the rest of his life.

notebook page with church records in Cherokee
Church records in Cherokee


Images of a Cherokee hymnal owned by Jackson Standingdeer.
Images of a Cherokee hymnal owned by Jackson Standingdeer. Inside front cover.


Hymnal page with song "Just as I am" in Cherokee syllabary.
Song “Just as I am” in Cherokee syllabary.


Inside back cover of the hymnal
Inside back cover of hymnal.


Below is one of many incantations from the notebook of Ed Handle.  The word by word translation of the Cherokee language has been added along with a free translation of the actual meaning. 

At dawn the participant faces East by a flowing stream; specially prepared tobacco, held in the left hand, will be kneaded with a counterclockwise rolling motion of the right hand while the incantation is being delivered; the tobacco is expectorated upon at the conclusion of each of four recitations.
A description of what the incantation actually means.
“Brown Person” is the spirit of the tobacco. “Brown Whirlwind” is the spirit of the smoke of that tobacco.