The traditional musical instruments of the Cherokee consist of :
The water drum which is a earthen pot or kettle with a skin stretched over the top of it. An inch or so of water or other liquid is placed inside before playing.
The River Cane flute, which in 1835 was reported to have been approximately one foot long, and had 6 holes.
Trumpets were sometimes made from buffalo horns, and sometimes from long neck gourds or the thigh bone of the crane. Conch shells were used in very early times.
Turtle shells are used for ceremonial rattles; a single rattle to be held in the hand for use by men, and turtle shell shackles worn on the legs of women. Sometimes the cereminial hand rattles are made of gourd, as well.